What Makes Graphite Weaker Than Diamond Even Though They Are Made Of The Same Element?

Graphite and diamonds are both made out of Carbon. Carbon is a very abundant element. But, why is diamond stronger than graphite if they are made out of the same material? It is all because of the arrangement of the atoms into molecules. Atoms are the microscopic building blocks of the universe. They make up almost ANY material including solids, liquids, and gases! A human has more than 1 billion atoms! Atoms have specific parts. There is the nucleus, which is the center of the atom. Then, there are even smaller parts. They are protons, neutrons, and electrons! Protons are a small part of the atom that is located in the nucleus or the center of the atom. Protons are positively charged. Then, there are neutrons. They are also located in the nucleus. Neutrons have no charge at all. That leaves the nucleus of the atom positively charged. Then, there are electrons. Electrons have a negative charge. Electrons orbit or circle around the nucleus. When these atoms join together, they make molecules. Graphite molecules are in flat sheets while diamond molecules are in a crystal structure. The flat sheets easily break, while the crystal structure is strong!

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