The Arctic and Antarctic are known for the cold climate. This is due to the way the Earth orbits the Sun. The Earth’s orbit is not a perfect circle. There are some points in its orbit that the Earth is closer to the Sun or farther away from the Sun. That is one reason that the Arctic and Antarctic are cold. Another reason is that the poles are at the top and bottom of the Earth. Since they are positioned that way, less sunlight reaches the locations and makes it colder. Did you know that it rarely snows in Antarctica? It is actually a desert because there is no precipitation there! The only things you see are tiny bits of ice blowing around.
Because of Climate Change, the ice on the polar caps of the Earth are melting. Luckily, scientists are working on solutions to that.